25 March The South African women’s cricket team opened their challenge at the Women’s World T20 with a convincing 44-run victory over Pakistan in Sylhet, Bangladesh on Sunday. Mignon du Preez’s team entered the tournament with a loss to the West Indies and a win over Bangladesh in warm-up matches. Against Pakistan, they dominated the contest.South African batting Batting first, South African posted 163 without loss in their 20 overs, with Dane van Niekerk hitting an unbeaten 90 off just 66 balls, with 13 fours and one six, while Lizelle Lee finished on 67 not out, including eight fours and a six. In reply, Pakistan struggled to just 119 for 9 in their 20 overs. Marizanne Kapp led the South African bowlers with a return of 3 for 16 in their four overs, while Sune Luus captured 2 for 18 and Shabnim Ismail 2 for 20.‘Everything just went our way’ “Today was one of those days when everything just went our way,” SA skipper Du Preez said after the match. “I’m extremely proud of the way the team executed all our game plans and went about their business. Full credit must be given to Dane and Lizelle for setting up the game well for us and giving us a really good score to defend. “Beating Pakistan in a world tournament is not a simple assignment and I’m really happy with the way the team played today. We now just look to carry this momentum into the next game and hopefully playing with the same energy and drive as we did today,” she added.Australia South Africa face a tough next match, taking on defending champions Australia in Sylhet on Tuesday. “It’s a huge game for us,” Du Preez said. “Australia are not a side to take lightly on any day. They are world champs for a reason, but we just have to concentrate ourselves and play the game of our lives come Tuesday and not worry about the rest.” South Africa head into the contest top of Group A, which also includes New Zealand, who edged the Australians by seven runs in their first outing. SAinfo reporter and Cricket South Africa
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) on Friday officially announced the final rule allowing retailers to sell gasoline containing 15% ethanol year-round.The move comes just a day before the official start of the summer driving season, June 1, when due to restrictions on Reid vapor pressues, E15 could not be sold.The Renewable Fuels Association said the action fulfills President Trump’s promise to eliminate the summertime prohibition on E15, a fuel that offers lower cost, reduced emissions, and higher octane.“The ethanol industry thanks President Trump for personally championing this critical regulatory reform that will enhance competition, bolster the rural economy, and provide greater consumer access to cleaner, more affordable fuel options,” said Geoff Cooper, RFA President and CEO. “We have always agreed with the President’s assertion that the outdated summertime prohibition on E15 was ‘unnecessary’ and ‘ridiculous.’”There are continued concerns from ethanol proponents, however, with regard to the small refinery exemptions from the Renewable Fuel Standard requirements. Since early 2018, EPA has granted 53 RFS exemptions to refineries for the 2016 and 2017 RFS compliance years totaling 2.61 billion ethanol-equivalent gallons of renewable fuel. EPA currently has 39 waiver petitions pending for the 2018 RFS compliance year.“We are cognizant, however, that the promise of today’s E15 announcement could be undermined if EPA continues its unprecedented assault on the RFS with indiscriminate small refinery hardship waivers,” Cooper said. “Against the intent of Congress, EPA has been granting RFS exemptions to refiners without requiring them to demonstrate their claimed ‘hardship’ is somehow connected to the RFS. The demand destruction caused by EPA’s waivers must end. We urge the President to build upon the momentum of today’s announcement by reining in EPA’s abuse of the small refiner exemption program.”The National Corn Grower’s Association also applauded the change.“Corn farmers have been long-time advocates of higher blends of ethanol such as E15, touting its benefits to both the farmer and the consumer,” said Lynn Chrisp, NCGA president. “Farmers are facing some tough times which makes this announcement particularly welcome. We thank President Trump for following through on his promise to rural America and USDA Secretary Sonny Perdue and supporters in Congress for their outspoken commitment to year-round E15.”The final rule from the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) eliminates the barrier that required retailers in many areas of the country to stop selling E15 during the summer months by allowing E15 to receive the same summer volatility adjustment EPA permits for E10. NCGA submitted comments to EPA in April to press the need to finalize the rulemaking to ensure there would not be an interruption in E15 sales between June and September. The comments also cautioned EPA against finalizing proposed Renewable Identification Number (RIN) market rule changes that would be counterproductive to greater biofuels blending supported by the E15 rule. NCGA agrees with EPA’s focus on transparency and market data in the final rule and the decision not to finalize proposals that would work against biofuels blending.Secretary of Agriculture Sonny Perdue had this to say.“I appreciate President Trump’s steadfast support for our patriotic farmers and for his commitment to expand the sale of E15 and unleash the full potential of American innovation and ingenuity as we continue to demonstrate our rightful place as the world’s leader in agricultural and energy production,” Perdue said. “This move to approve the year-round use of E15 in time for the summer driving season provides consumers with more choices when they fill up at the pump, driving demand for our farmers and improving the air we breathe. While the Trump Administration and USDA are expanding the ethanol market in the United States, we continue to fight for more export markets in Brazil, Mexico, China, and other countries across the globe. I applaud Administrator Andrew Wheeler for moving expeditiously to finalize this important E15 rule.”
Pune: The Maharashtra government on Sunday released water from the Koyna dam in Satara district to alleviate the water crisis in Karnataka. Around 0.5 TMC water will be released over a 10-day period, authorities have said. Water level in the Kaveri river basin has plummeted due to the soaring temperature.This is the second such discharge from the Koyna reservoir to Karnataka. Last month, 2.5 TMC water was released from the reservoir following a high-level meeting between officials of the neighbouring States.This cumulative discharge of 3 TMC follows a direct appeal on part of Karnataka Water Resources Minister M. B. Patil to provide relief to Belagavi, Bagalkot and Vijaypura districts. In return, Karnataka will release water from the Almatti dam to cater to the needs of Solapur district and others parts in Maharashtra facing water shortage.Late last month, Maharashtra Water Resources Minister Girish Mahajan had said nine of the 12 dams in Karnataka barely had 20% of their water stock. “The available live storage in the reservoirs has touched an all-time low,” Mr. Mahajan had said, adding that he had ordered the discharge from Koyna dam to bring immediate relief to farmers in Karnataka.With a storage capacity of 105 TMC, the Koyna reservoir is one of the largest dams in the State. It houses the massive Koyna hydropower generation plant.Three consecutive years of drought have aggravated the agrarian crisis in Karnataka, especially in the north.
DefinitionOsteoarthritis (OA) is the most common joint disorder.It is due to aging and wear and tear on a joint.Alternative NamesHypertrophic osteoarthritis; Osteoarthrosis; Degenerative joint disease; DJD; OA; Arthritis – osteoarthritisCausesCartilage is the firm, rubbery tissue that cushions your bones at the joints. It allows bones to glide over one another. When the cartilage breaks down and wears away, the bones rub together. This causes the pain, swelling, and stiffness of OA.As OA worsens, bony spurs or extra bone may form around the joint. The ligaments and muscles around the joint may become weaker and stiffer.Before age 55, OA occurs equally in men and women. After age 55, it is more common in women.Other factors can also lead to OA.OA tends to run in families.Being overweight increases the risk of OA in the hip, knee, ankle, and foot joints. This is because extra weight causes more wear and tear.Fractures or other joint injuries can lead to OA later in life. This includes injuries to the cartilage and ligaments in your joints.Jobs that involve kneeling or squatting for more than an hour a day that involve lifting, climbing stairs, or walking increase the risk of OA.Playing sports that involve direct impact on the joint (such as football), twisting (such as basketball or soccer), or throwing also increase the risk of OA.Medical conditions that can lead to OA include:Bleeding disorders that cause bleeding in the joint, such as hemophiliaDisorders that block the blood supply near a joint and lead to avascular necrosisOther types of arthritis, such as chronic gout, pseudogout, or rheumatoid arthritisSymptomsadvertisementSymptoms of OA usually appear in middle age. Almost everyone has some symptoms by age 70.Pain and stiffness in the joints are the most common symptoms. The pain is often worse after exercise and when you put weight or pressure on the joint.With OA, your joints may become stiffer and harder to move over time. You may notice a rubbing, grating, or crackling sound when you move the joint.”Morning stiffness” refers to the pain and stiffness you feel when you first wake up in the morning. Stiffness due to OA usually lasts for 30 minutes or less. It improves after activity, allowing the joint to “warm up.”During the day, the pain may get worse when you are active and feel better when you are resting. As OA gets worse, you may have pain even when you are resting. And it may wake you up at night.Some people might not have symptoms, even though x-rays show the changes of OA.Exams and TestsA physical exam can show:Joint movement that causes a crackling (grating) sound, called crepitationJoint swelling (bones around the joints may feel larger than normal)Limited range of motionTenderness when the joint is pressedNormal movement is often painfulBlood tests are not helpful in diagnosing OA.An x-ray will likely show:Loss of the joint spaceWearing down of the ends of the boneBone spursTreatmentOA cannot be cured. It will most likely get worse over time. However, your OA symptoms can be controlled.You can have surgery, but other treatments can improve your pain and make your life much better. Although these treatments cannot make the arthritis go away, they can often delay surgery.MEDICATIONSOver-the-counter pain relieverscan help with OA symptoms. You can buy these medicines without a prescription.Most doctors recommend acetaminophen (such as Tylenol) first. It has fewer side effects than other drugs. (Do not take more then 3 grams (3,000mg) a day.)If your pain continues, your doctor may recommend nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Types of NSAIDs include aspirin, ibuprofen, and naproxen.Supplements that you may use include:Pillssuch as glucosamine and chondroitin sulfateCapsaicin skin cream to relieve painLIFESTYLE CHANGESStaying active and getting exercise can maintain joint and overall movement. Ask your health care provider to recommend an exercise routine. Water exercises, such as swimming, are helpful.Other lifestyle tips include:Applying heat and cold to the jointEating healthy foodsGetting enough restLosing weight if you are overweightProtecting your joints from injuryIf the pain from OA gets worse, keeping up with activities may become more difficult or painful. Making changes around the home can help take stress off your joints to relieve some of the pain. If your work is causing stress in certain joints, you may need to adjust your work area or change work tasks.PHYSICAL THERAPYPhysical therapy can help improve muscle strength and the motion of stiff joints as well as your balance. If therapy does not make you feel better after 6 to 8 weeks, then it likely will not work at all.advertisementMassage therapy may provide short-term pain relief. Make sure you work with a licensed massage therapist whois experienced in working on sensitive joints.BRACESSplints and bracesmay helpsupport weakened joints. Some types prevent the joint from moving. Others allow some movement. Use a brace only when your doctor or therapist recommends one. Using a brace the wrong way can cause joint damage, stiffness, and pain.ALTERNATIVE TREATMENTSAcupuncture is a traditional Chinese treatment. It is thought that when acupuncture needles stimulate certain points on the body, chemicals that block pain are released. Acupuncture may provide short-term pain relief for OA.S-adenosylmethionine (SAMe, pronounced “Sammy”) is a manmade form of a natural chemical in the body. It may help reduce joint inflammation and pain.SURGERYSevere cases of OA might need surgery to replace or repair damaged joints. Options include:Arthroscopic surgery to trim torn and damaged cartilageChanging the alignment of a bone to relieve stress on the bone or joint (osteotomy)Surgical fusion of bones, usually in the spine (arthrodesis)Total or partial replacement of the damaged joint with an artificial joint (knee replacement, hip replacement, shoulder replacement, ankle replacement, elbow replacement)Support GroupsOrganizations that specialize in arthritis are good resources for more information on OA.Outlook (Prognosis)Your movement may become limited over time. Doing everyday activities, such as personal hygiene, household chores, or cooking may become a challenge. Treatment usually improves function.When to Contact a Medical ProfessionalCall your health care provider if you have symptoms of OA that get worse.PreventionTry not to overuse a painful joint at work or during activities. Maintain a normal body weight. Keep the muscles around your joints strong, especially the weight-bearing joints (knee, hip, ankle).ReferencesBijlsma JW, Berenbaum F, Lafeber FP. Osteoarthritis: an update with relevance for clinical practice. Lancet. 2011;377:2115-2126.Hochberg MC, Altman RD, April KT, et al. American College of Rheumatology 2012 recommendations for the use of nonpharmacologic and pharmacologic therapies in osteoarthritis of the hand, hip, and knee. Arthritis Care Res. 2012;4:465-474.Lane NE, Schnitzer TJ. Osteoarthritis. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman’s Cecil Medicine. 24th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Elsevier Saunders; 2011:chap 270.Nelson AE, Jordan JM. Clinical features of osteoarthritis. In: Firestein GS, Budd RC, Gabriel SE, et al., eds. Kelly’s Textbook of Rheumotology. 9th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Elsevier Saunders; 2012:chap 99.Review Date:8/3/2013Reviewed By:David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Bethanne Black, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.
Chelsea winger Hudson-Odoi: Lampard appointment helped contract decisionby Freddie Taylora month agoSend to a friendShare the loveCallum Hudson-Odoi says Frank Lampard’s appointment gave him an “extra boost” towards signing a new contract with Chelsea.The 18-year-old signed a new five-year contract on Thursday after over a year of negotiations.And Hudson-Odoi has credited Lampard’s presence will helping him decide his long-term future.”I’ve been thinking for a while what it would be like to be playing for Chelsea for the next five years and how everything might go, especially now Frank is here as the manager. “It’s a great feeling for all of us because we know he gives everybody a chance if you’re playing well and working hard.”He’s a very good manager. I can tell that by what he’s trying to do and the things he’s trying to implement into our football. He has the mentality of winning, which we all want and we all need, so him coming in was just an extra boost for me.”He’s already given me confidence, having a chat with me here and there, and it’s great when a manager has faith in you. I’m delighted he’s here and I’m looking forward to working more with him.” About the authorFreddie TaylorShare the loveHave your say
New Delhi: Calling the upcoming Lok Sabha elections a choice between chaos and Narendra Modi, Finance Minister Arun Jaitley on Monday said what the Opposition had promised to be a “mahagathbandhan” (grand alliance) was turning out to be an alliance of several conflicting “gathbandhans” with multiple leaders, each trying to outwit the other. Jaitley said that going by past precedents, such an alliance could only lead to chaos. “The choice is clear — it is either Modi or chaos,” he said in a Facebook post. Also Read – How a psychopath killer hid behind the mask of a devout laity! The Finance Minister said while several issues occupied the agenda space in an election, the issue of foremost relevance in 2019 was that of leadership where the Bharatiya Janata Party with “absolute clarity” was a clear winner against a “self-destructive coalition of rivals” in which the leadership issue was an “absolute puzzle”. “Within the NDA there are no leadership issues. There is absolute clarity. Narendra Modi leads the NDA and will be the Prime Minister in the event of a victory. His leadership is nationally accepted, his ratings are very high. His track record speaks for itself,” Jaitley said. Also Read – Encounter under way in Pulwama, militant killed On the other hand, he said, was Congress President Rahul Gandhi “who is an inadequate leader” and has been “tried, tested and failed”. “His lack of understanding of issues is frightening. He aspires to be the leader of this chaotic pack,” Jaitley said. He said Mamata Bannerjee was positioning herself as the “sutradhar” (architect) of this grand alliance but “won’t concede a single seat either to the Congress or the Left in West Bengal but will want them to be her pillion riders if she drives the vehicle.” Taking about the other opposition parties, Jaitley said the Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) and the Samajwadi Party (SP) would contest against the Congress but eventually join hands, and so would the Trinamool and the Congress-Left alliance in West Bengal. “However, in Kerala the Congress and the Left will contest against each other. The People’s Democratic Party (PDP) and the National Conference (NC) tried to form the government together with the support of the Congress in Jammu and Kashmir. “Today they are rivals in an election and on the dangerous agenda of either ‘autonomy’ or ‘pre-1953 status’, but could join hands with the ‘gathbandhan’. The Biju Janata Dal (BJD), the Telangana Rashtra Samithi (TRS) and the YSR Congress Party (YSRCP) are not with the ‘gathbandhan’,” he said. Jaitley said the BSP was wiped out in the last Lok Sabha elections and Mayawati had now changed her strategy and wanted a strong BSP and a weak Congress. “She holds her cards close to her chest. She will open them only after the results are declared…Leaders with flexible ideologies think that they are acceptable to all. The opposition alliance is unclear — it is absolutely fragile,” he said. Jaitley added that none of the opposition parties were capable of winning any significant number of seats and the alliance won’t have a stable nucleus. “What was promised to be ‘mahagathbandhan’ is turning out to be a ‘gathbandhan’ of several conflicting alliances. It is a self-destructive ‘coalition of rivals’,” he said. “The contest is against a leader in whose hands the country is secure and developing. He is trusted. Against him, there isn’t any projected leader. There are multiple leaders, each trying to outwit the other. They can only promise a temporary government if we go by the past precedents. One can be certain of chaos. The choice is clear, it is either Modi or chaos,” Jaitley said.
Costa Rican officials including Tourism Minister Allan Flores on Thursday met with Avianca-Taca representatives in Colombia, who said the airline would not cancel more flights to Costa Rica or fire more local employees.Flores met with Avianca President Fabio Villegas to clarify a number of rumors that have circulated recently regarding the future of the airline’s operations in Costa Rica.In May, the airline announced the elimination of five direct flights to Costa Rica and the dismissal of 261 employees in the country.The destinations eliminated included flights between San José and Los Angeles, New York, Havana, Quito and Guayaquil.The airline said at the time that “profitability of these direct destinations were the reason for eliminating the flights.”Avianca still has 1,000 employees working at its Costa Rica operations.The meeting also was attended by Costa Rican Presidency Minister Carlos Ricardo Benavides and Transport Vice Minister Ana Cecilia Jenkins. Facebook Comments Related posts:Delta to add new Minneapolis-San José flight New Costa Rican airline, Ticos Air, now hiring Delta Airlines to offer nonstop flight between San José and Los Angeles Avianca-Taca drops five nonstop flights to Costa Rica, lays off 261 employees
RTL-owned multi-channel network Broadband TV has launched a new business division that will build original games and mobile apps.Broadband TV CEO Shahrzad RafatiBBTV Interactive will create multi-platform games and apps to connect digital talent with their fans, in a move that is designed to expand revenue streams and was announced at CES in Las Vegas.“We’re placing an emphasis on building mobile games that are truly broadcastable,” said Lewis Ball, vice-president interactive, e-commerce and professional services at BroadbandTV.“We’re in a unique position as we already work with top digital talent that each have large highly engaged audiences allowing us to directly market the apps to targeted consumers.”Ball described the move as a “significant opportunity” and it is one that builds on a number of previous app developments by Broadband TV.The company made a mobile game for Spanish YouTuber Fernanfloo that was downloaded by more than 9.5 million iOS and Android users, and is due to launch its latest game, Squad Rivals, as a closed beta trial later this month.Broadband TV said it has been committed to further expanding revenue streams with its monetisation strategy now spanning ad- and subscription-supported video-on-demand, mobile apps, e-commerce, and licensing.The Vancouver-based company claims to be the third largest video property globally after Google and Facebook with 34 billion views per month and 285 million unique viewers. Its total annual viewership increased 66% from 2016 to 2017 to reach 341.4 billion.Broadband TV is 51% owned by RTL Group, however the German media giant said last year that it would not exercise its call option to acquire the remaining 49% of the company and had instead decided to explore “all strategic alternatives” for Broadband TV together with minority shareholders.
I see you standing here, asking for help, about once a week. You are always polite, and I respect that. I’d like to do something for you… something that would matter long-term. Giving you a few notes or coins now and then may be fine, but I’d really like to improve your situation more permanently. In other words, I’d like to give you a job. I used to hire people, and I especially liked hiring people who had been denied breaks. I did that whenever I could. If you and I could be transported back in time, I’d hire you. And I’d feel good about it, because I think having a job would do you a lot of good. That fact is, however, that I can’t hire you, and I’d like you to know why. I used to run my own contracting firm. I enjoyed the work and I liked being able to drive past a building and say, “I made that.” Having employees, however, was torture. I liked having them in some ways, of course – I liked the guys and it made me happy to see them take care of their families with paychecks that I signed. That was very gratifying. But it wasn’t enough, and there are three reasons why: #1: Making Payroll My first problem was simply cash flow. I was solely responsible for having enough money in the bank every week, and that could be nerve-wracking, especially when customers weren’t paying their bills on time. It’s not fun to think that a family won’t be able to buy groceries if you can’t collect your invoices. Still, that part didn’t cause me to give up on employees. It was hard, but so long as my employees were working, we were making money, so there was always something coming in at some point. Somehow, I was able to pull it off. #2: Being Hated Over time, some of my employees became jerks. This seemed to grow from envy and from stupid ideas about labor versus management. These guys decided that I was getting rich off of them, and demanded I pay them more – more than they deserved and more than the company could afford. And the really nasty part was this: It was always the guys I had done the most for who hated me most. And as soon as I sat down with them and explained why I couldn’t pay them more, they started stealing from me. I fired the thieves, of course, but these experiences really soured me on employees. I had not only given these guys a job, but I had legitimately felt good about helping to feed their families. In return, they hated me, called me names, and stole from me. By itself, that was almost enough to make me swear off employing people, but not quite. #3: The IRS What really drove me over the edge was dealing with the government and the IRS in particular. They were abominable. I had to file forms with every payroll, and if anything on them was wrong, they penalized me – heavily. And if I paid them a single day late, they penalized me – heavily. And if they said I did something wrong – even if I didn’t – there was no way to change their verdict. Reason and evidence simply didn’t matter. I eventually talked to a tax lawyer who explained the situation to me. He said: Forget about fighting, Paul. There is no ‘innocent until proven guilty’ in tax court. You’re automatically guilty, and you have to try to prove yourself innocent… which is very hard and very expensive. Just pay them. I know you hate that, but you have no other choice. Fighting them would ruin you. It wasn’t just the money that got me about this – it was that they were nasty, arrogant, heartless tyrants. Having the facts on my side didn’t matter. Intelligent arguments didn’t matter. Either I paid what they demanded or they would hurt me worse. In many ways, it wasn’t much different than the local gang of street thugs demanding protection money. So, that’s why I can’t hire you: Having employees locked me into a single role in life, that of a despised slave. When I finally realized that, I walked away. I was lucky that I had the ability to move into specialties and to thrive in difficult niches; other guys probably couldn’t have. So… What I really want you to know is this: I’d like to help you. You deserve a chance at a decent job. I’d like to be the guy who gave it to you, but the system demands that I must live as a slave in order to do so. And I won’t do that. I very much wish that things were different, and I feel sorry every time I drive by that I can’t hire you. But I would never ask anyone to live as a slave, and I won’t live that way myself. I wish you well, and if life in these parts should ever pull back from the present reign of oppression, I hope to run into you. And on that day, I hope to either hire you or do business with you. We would both have much to gain from it. Paul Rosenberg FreemansPerspective.com
More than two decades after South Africa ousted a racist apartheid system that trapped the vast majority of South Africans in poverty, more than half the country still lives below the national poverty line and most of the nation’s wealth remains in the hands of a small elite.”The country was very unequal in 1994 [at the end of apartheid] and now 25 years later South Africa is the most unequal country in the world,” says Victor Sulla, a senior economist for the World Bank in charge of southern Africa. “There is no country that we have data about where the inequality is higher than South Africa.”Sulla is the lead author of a new report on poverty and inequality in South Africa.There are various ways to look at economic inequality and South Africa scores terribly on all of them. Income inequality looks at the gap between what the lowest paid workers earn each day versus the salaries of top employees.”The people at the bottom in South Africa, they get wages comparable to the people who live in Bangladesh. It’s very, very poor. Wages of less than $50 a month,” Sulla says. “If you take the top ten percent, they live like in Austria. So it’s very high level even by European standards or even by U.S. standards. And we are talking just about employees, people who are getting paid.” And not the super-rich who are earning income from factories or property or other investments.In addition to a huge problem with income inequality, South Africa also has a significant problem with wealth inequality. Wealth inequality looks at the range of a person’s assets. So a businessman in Johanesburg might own real estate, factories or other investments while a farmer in KwaZulu Natal might not even own the land she’s tilling.This new report from the World Bank finds that the top 1 percent of South Africans own 70.9 percent of the nation’s wealth. The bottom 60 percent of South Africans collectively control only 7 percent of the country’s assets.”How is that possible? Someone must explain this to me!” exclaims 30-year-old Phiwe Budaza, reached on her cellphone in Cape Town. “How is that even possible?”Budaza, who grew up in the township of Khayelitsha, says inequality is part of life in South Africa.”There’s always been a difference between the white and the black but I think it’s getting worse now,” she says. Before her cellphone battery dies Budaza says she doesn’t have a permanent job. She freelances as a photographer and in her words “hustles” to cover her bills.”I work as a bartender and I work for a rental company that rents cameras and film equipment,” she says.”It’s hard for someone like me who doesn’t have a full-time job to survive in Cape Town. The rent for an apartment [in the city] is like three times what I earn in a month.” She says she ends up living outside the city, which makes it harder to get to some jobs.Budaza is not alone in struggling to make ends meet every month in South Africa. The nation’s official unemployment rate is currently at 27 percent compared to roughly 4 percent in the United States.”South Africa is really facing the triple challenge of poverty, unemployment and inequality,” says the former head of the African Union, Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma, about the report. Dlamini-Zuma is a long-time anti-apartheid activist who now heads up a national planning commission in President Cyril Ramaphosa’s cabinet.”We are a relatively rich country but with a lot of poor people,” she says.If things don’t change dramatically in South Africa, Dlamini-Zuma adds, the country will fail to reach its goal of eliminating extreme poverty (people earning less than $1.90 a day) by the year 2030.South Africa has been focused on trying to bring down poverty and reduce inequality. And it’s had some success. Post-apartheid, the government launched a significant Black Economic Empowerment program to promote the transfer of white-owned business to black investors. South Africa has invested heavily in social programs including free primary education, a plan for universal health care, infrastructure projects to expand access to clean water and minimum income grants to parents.Sulla at the World Bank says South Africa under the post-apartheid ANC government has been a leader on social programs.”Their social protection programs in terms of different grants and support for the poor are working very well,” he says. “This country is one of the best in the world in terms of the efficiency of its social protection system.”Yet despite these efforts the number of South Africans living below the national poverty has actually been increasing since 2011. In 2015, 55.5 percent of South Africans or more than 30 million people were surviving on less than $5 a day.Sulla says the lack of progress against poverty is partly due to what he calls “opportunity inequality.” Some people have more access to opportunity than others. And the people who’ve traditionally had wealth and economic opportunities continue to enjoy those benefits.Dlamini-Zuma says the legacy of the apartheid regime still casts a long shadow over the opportunities available for millions of South Africans.”We should not shy away from acknowledging that apartheid was a system that systematically excluded black people from the economy, from skills, from everything. So overcoming that has to be a big part of what we do.”She says South Africa’s progress will be measured on the progress it makes against the “dehumanizing scourge” of poverty.”Poverty stops us from reaching our full potential individually and collectively,” she says. “It’s not good to be the country with the highest inequality in the world. We need to get ourselves out of that space. But it’s not going to be easy.” Copyright 2018 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.